Aransas County Court Plan
                     The Aransas County Court at Law serving Aransas County hereby adopts and orders published these county wide procedures, rules and orders for the timely and fair appointment of counsel for indigent persons accused of a misdemeanor offense in Aransas County.  This document is the Alternate Plan for said county to conform with the requirements of the Texas Fair Defense Act.
Prompt Magistration


A. Arresting Officer Responsibilities 

i.  The arresting officer, or the person having custody of the arrestee, shall ensure that every arrestee shall be brought before a magistrate without unnecessary delay, but not later than 48 hours after the person is arrested.

ii.  Unless arrested pursuant to an arrest warrant, bench warrant, capias, or other order of a magistrate or judge, necessary forms establishing probable cause must be completed and filed at the time an arrestee is booked into jail for any felony or misdemeanor punishable by incarceration.

iii.  Release of Defendants arrested without warrant

1.  A person arrested for a misdemeanor without a warrant and who is detained in jail must be released not later than the 24th hour after arrest, on a bond in an amount not to exceed $5,000, if a magistrate has not determined that probable cause exists to believe that the person committed the offense.

2.  A person arrested for a felony without a warrant and who is detained in jail must be released not later than the 28th hour after arrest, on a bond in an amount not to exceed $10,000, if a magistrate has not determined that probable cause exists to believe that the person committed the offense.

3.  If requested by the state, a magistrate may postpone the release of the defendant for not more than 72 hours after the defendant's arrest if a probable cause determination has not been made, in compliance with the procedure set forth in Article 17.033, Texas Code of Criminal Procedure.

B.  Magistrate Duties

i.   At the Magistrate's hearing, the magistrate should determine if accused can speak and understand English, or if the defendant is deaf.

ii.  After making such determination, the magistrate shall, in an appropriate manner consistent with Texas Code of Criminal Procedure Articles 38.30 and 38.31, do the following:

1.  Advise the accused of the accusation against him/her and any affidavit filed therewith;

2.  Admonish the accused of:

a.  The right to retain counsel;

b.  The right to remain silent;

c.  The right to have an attorney present during any interview with peace officers or attorneys representing the state;

d.  The right to terminate an interview at any time;

e.  The right not to make a statement and that any statement made by the accused may be used against him/her; and

f.  The right to an examining trial if felony accusation.

3.  Inform the accused of the right to appointed counsel if the person cannot afford counsel and the procedures for requesting appointment of counsel.

4.  Inquire as to whether accused is requesting that counsel be appointed.

5.  Ensure that reasonable assistance in completing required Affidavit of Indigence is arranged at the time of the magistrate's hearing.

6.  If the magistrate has reason to believe the accused is not mentally competent, the magistrate shall enter a request for counsel on behalf of the accused.  Such a request will alert the appointing authority that counsel competent to represent mentally ill persons should be appointed.

iii.  The magistrate shall set the amount of bail and any conditions of bond for the accused, if bail is allowed by law and has not been set by the court or magistrate issuing a warrant.

iv.  The magistrate shall record the following:

1.  The date and time the accused was arrested and the date and time when he/she was brought before the magistrate.

2.  Whether the magistrate informed the accused of the right to request appointment of counsel and asked the accused whether he/she wants to request counsel.

3.  Whether the accused requested appointment of counsel.

v.  If the accused requests appointment of counsel, the magistrate shall transmit or cause to be transmitted the magistrate form and any other forms requesting appointment of counsel to the District Clerk for the 36th Judicial District, if a felony or the County Court at Law if a misdemeanor.  The forms requesting appointment of counsel shall be transmitted without unnecessary delay, but not later than 24 hours after the person arrested requests appointment of counsel.

vi.  If the magistrate is authorized to appoint counsel, the magistrate shall make a determination of indigence and appoint counsel if the defendant is indigent within three working days.

vii.  If a request for counsel was made at magistration, the appointing authority shall forward the magistrate form and any other forms requesting appointment of counsel to the District Clerk to be put into the case file if a felony or to the County Court at Law if a misdemeanor.

viii. If a request for counsel was not made at magistration, the magistrate will forward the magistrate form to the District Clerk to be put into the case file if a felony and to the County Clerk to be put into the case file if a misdemeanor.

ix.  For persons arrested on out-of-county warrants, the magistrate will ask the defendant if he/she would like to request appointed counsel.  The magistrate will record the response, and if counsel is requested, the magistrate will ensure assistance in completing the form at the same time.  The forms will be transmitted to the appointing authority in the county issuing the warrant within 24 hours of the request being made.



Indigence Determination Standards


  A.  Definitions, as used in this rule:

i.  "Indigent" means a person who is not financially able to employ counsel.

ii.  "Net household income" means all income of the accused and spousal income actually available to the accused.  Such income shall include: take-home wages and salary (gross income earned minus those deductions required by law or as a condition of employment); net self-employment income (gross income minus business expenses, and those deductions required by law or as a condition of operating the business); regular payments from a governmental income maintenance program, alimony, child support, public or private pensions, or annuities; and income from dividends, interest, rents, royalties, or periodic receipts from estates or trusts.  Seasonal or temporary income shall be considered on an annualized basis, averaged together with periods in which the accused has no income or lesser income.

iii.  "Household" means all individuals who are actually dependent on the accused for financial support.

iv.  "The cost of obtaining competent private legal representation" includes the reasonable costs of support services such as investigators and expert witnesses as necessary and appropriate given the nature of the case.

     B.  Eligibility for Appointment

i.  An accused is presumed indigent if any of the following conditions or factors are present:

1.  At the time of requesting appointed counsel, the accused or accused's dependents are eligible to receive food stamps, Medicaid, Temporary Assistance for Needy Families, Supplemental Security Income, or public housing;

2.  The accused's net household income does not exceed 125% of the Poverty Guidelines as revised annually by the United States Department of Health and Human Services and published in the Federal Register; or

3.  The accused is currently serving a sentence in a correctional institution, is currently residing in a public mental health facility, or is subject to a proceeding in which admission or commitment to such a mental health facility is sought.

ii.  An accused who does not meet any of the standards above shall nevertheless be considered indigent if the accused is unable to retain private counsel without substantial hardship to the accused or the accused's dependents.  In considering if obtaining private counsel will create a substantial hardship, the appointing authority shall take into account:

1.  the nature of the criminal charge(s),

2.  anticipated complexity of the defense,

3.  the estimated cost of obtaining competent private legal representation for the matter(s) charged;

4.  the amount needed for the support of the accused and the accused's dependents;

5.  accused's income,

6.  source of income,

7.  assets and property owned,

8.  outstanding obligations,

9.  necessary expenses,

10. the number and ages of dependents, and

11. spousal income that is available to the accused.

iii.  Factors NOT to be considered in determining indigence:

1.  The accused's posting of bail or ability to post bail may not be considered in determining whether the accused is indigent.

2.  The resources available to friends or relatives of the accused may not be considered in determining whether the accused is indigent.

iv.  Only the accused's financial circumstances as measured by the financial standards stated in this rule shall be used as the basis for determining indigence.

C.  Indigence Proceedings:

i.  The appointing authority can require the accused to respond to questions about the accused's financial status, produce documentation supporting financial information provided, and/or order a court official to verify financial information provided.

ii.  Information gathered for determining indigence, both in the affidavit of indigence and through oral examination, may not be for any purpose other than:

1.  Determining if accused is (or is not) indigent; or

2.  Impeaching direct testimony of accused regarding the accused's indigence.

iii.  A request by the appointing authority for additional information, documentation, and/or verification cannot delay appointment of counsel beyond the timelines specified in Parts I and IV of these rules and contained in Code of Criminal Procedure Article 1.051.

iv.  An accused determined to be indigent is presumed to remain indigent for the remainder of the case unless a material change in the accused's financial circumstances occurs.

1.  An accused's status as indigent or not indigent may be reviewed in a formal hearing at any stage of court proceedings, on a motion for reconsideration by the accused, the accused's attorney, or the attorney representing the state.  The accused's indigent status will be presumed not to have changed.  The presumption can be rebutted in the review proceedings based on the following:

a.  Evidence of a material change in the accused's financial circumstances, as a result of which the accused does not meet any of the standards for indigence contained in these rules; or

b.  Additional information regarding the accused's financial circumstances that shows that the accused does not meet any of the standards for indigence contained in these rules.

2. If an accused previously determined to be indigent is subsequently determined not to be indigent, the attorney shall be compensated by the county according to the fee schedule for hours reasonably expended on the case.

v.  If the court determines that a defendant has financial resources that enable him to offset in part or in whole the costs of the legal services provided, including any expenses and costs, the court shall order the defendant to pay during the pendency of the charges or, if convicted, as court costs the amount that it finds the defendant is able to pay.



Minimum Attorney Qualifications

A.  The County Court at Law Judge shall establish an attorney appointment list.  To be eligible for the appointment list, an attorney must meet the following minimum requirements:

i.  Qualification Requirements:

1.  All attorneys on the appointment list must ensure all information on their application is correct;

2.  An attorney must be a licensed practicing attorney and a member in good standing of the State Bar of Texas;

3.  An attorney shall submit by October 15th each year a statement that describes the percentage of the attorney's practice time that was dedicated to work based on appointments accepted in this county for adult criminal cases and juvenile delinquency cases for the prior 12 months that begins on October 1 and ends on September 30.  The report must be submitted online to the Texas Indigent Defense Commission;

4.  An attorney shall complete a minimum of 6 hours of CLE in the area of criminal law and procedure each year.  All attorneys on the appointment list must file a certificate with the County Court at Law each year attesting to completion of the required CLE or submit documentation showing that the attorney is certified as a specialist in criminal law.  Continuing legal education activity completed with-in a one year period immediately preceding an attorney's initial reporting period may be used to meet the educational requirements for the initial year.  Continuing legal education activity completed during any reporting period in excess of the minimum 6 hours for such period may be applied to the following period's requirement.  The carryover provision applies to one year only;

5.  An attorney must have a minimum participation in at least 3 misdemeanor criminal trials or 3 felony trials, either as first or second chair, 2 of which must have been before a jury;

6.  An attorney may not have been the recipient of any public disciplinary action by the State Bar of Texas or any other attorney licensing authority of any state or the United States;

7.  An attorney must maintain an office capable of receiving email, fax, and telephone calls; (the maintained phone shall be answered by a person or answering service from 8:00 a.m. to 12:00 pm and from 1:00 p.m. to 5:00 p.m., Monday through Friday, except for days designated as official holidays by the Commissioner's Court in Aransas County; fax lines must be capable of receiving faxes 24 hours a day, seven days a week and all numbers must be provided to the County Court at Law, Court's Designee, if any, and the County Clerk's office.

8.  An attorney must have the ability to produce typed motions and orders;

9.  An attorney shall notify the County Court at Law promptly, in writing, of any matter that would disqualify the attorney by law, regulation, rule or under these guidelines from receiving appointments to represent indigent defendants.

ii.  Appeal Qualification Requirements - An attorney must meet at least one of the following criteria:

Have participated and/or filed at least two criminal appellate briefs or post-conviction writs of habeas corpus.

B.  Approval for Appointment List

i.  Misdemeanor List - An attorney must be approved by the County Court at Law Judge.

C.  Removal from Appointment List - The Judge will monitor attorney performance on a continuing basis to assure the competency of attorneys on the list.  An attorney may be removed or suspended, as deemed appropriate by the judge.  Any attorney found to have been ineffective in representing a client in a criminal matter shall be removed from the appointment list immediately by the judge and shall not be eligible for reinstatement to the list of qualified attorneys until the next annual approval of the list of qualified attorneys or other action.

D.  Reinstatement to Appointment Lists

i.  An attorney who was removed from the appointment list for non-completion of the required CLE hours may be immediately reinstated upon providing proof that the attorney has completed the required hours so long as the attorney otherwise meets the other qualifications under this Plan.

ii.  An attorney who has been removed from the appointment list for any other reason and who wishes to be reinstated must apply through the original application process.

E.  Duties of Appointed Counsel - Appointed Counsel shall:

i.  Make every reasonable effort to:

1.  Contact the defendant by the end of the first working day after the date on which the attorney is appointed; and

2.  Interview the defendant as soon as practicable after the attorney is appointed;

ii.  Represent the defendant until:

1.  Charges are dismissed;

2.  The defendant is acquitted;

3.  Appeals are exhausted; or

4.  The attorney is relieved of his duties by the court or replaced by other counsel after a finding of good cause entered on the record.

iii.  Investigate, either by self or through an investigator, the facts of the case and be prepared to present any factual defense(s) that may be reasonably and arguably available to the defendant;

iv.  Brief the law of the case and be prepared to present any legal defense(s) that may be reasonably and arguably available to the defendant;

v.   Be prepared to negotiate with the prosecutor for the most favorable resolution of the case as can be achieved through a plea agreement;

vi.  Be prepared to try the case to conclusion either with or without a jury;

vii.  Be prepared to file post-trial motions, and advise client on appellate timetable. 

viii. Maintain reasonable communication and contact with the client at all times and keep the client informed of the status of the case; and

ix.  Advise the client on all matters involving the case and such collateral matters as may reasonably be required to aid the client in making appropriate decisions about the case; and

x.   Perform the attorney's duty owed to the defendant in accordance with these procedures, the requirements of the Code of Criminal Procedure, and applicable rules of ethics.

xi.  Manage attorney's workload to allow for the provision of quality representation and the execution of the responsibilities listed in these rules in every case.


Prompt Appointment of Counsel


A.  Prompt Appointment of Counsel

i.  Counsel shall be appointed as soon as possible for indigent defendants, but no later than the end of the third working day after the date on which the appointing authority receives the defendant's request for court appointed counsel.  Working day means Monday through Friday, excluding official state holidays.  Counsel must be appointed whether or not a case has been filed in the trial court.

ii.  If an indigent defendant is arrested in another county based on this county's warrant, counsel will be appointed within three working days of this county's receipt of the request for counsel.

iii. If a defendant is arrested in this county based on another county's warrant, counsel will be appointed for the defendant if, on the eleventh day after the arrest, the defendant is still in this county's custody.

iv. If a defendant wishes to request counsel prior to the initial appearance, the forms required to request counsel may be obtained at the Texas Indigent Defense Commission's website at or from: District Clerk's Office, the felony courts' designee, if a felony, or County Clerk's office if a misdemeanor.  The defendant may submit these forms to District Clerk's office, courts' designee if a felony or to the County Clerk's office if a misdemeanor.  The court will rule on all requests for counsel submitted in this matter.

v.  Appointment Authority

1.  If no case has been filed in the trial court, the appointing authority is the County Court at Law.

2.  If the case has been filed in the trial court, the appointing authority is the County Court at Law.

B.  Defendants Appearing Without Counsel - If a defendant appears without counsel in any adversary judicial proceeding that may result in punishment by confinement:

i.  The court may not direct or encourage the defendant to communicate with the attorney representing the state until the court advises the defendant of the right to counsel and the procedure for requesting appointed counsel and the defendant has been given a reasonable opportunity to request appointed counsel.

ii.  If the defendant has requested appointed counsel, the court may not direct or encourage the defendant to communicate with the attorney representing the state unless the appointing authority has denied the request and, subsequent to the denial, the defendant:

1.  Has been given a reasonable opportunity to retain and has failed to retain appointed counsel; or

2.  Waived or has waived the opportunity to retain private counsel.

iii. The attorney representing the state may not:

1.  Initiate or encourage an attempt to obtain from the defendant a waiver of the right to counsel; or

2.  Communicate with a defendant who has requested the appointment of counsel, unless the appointing authority has denied the request and subsequent to the denial, the defendant:

a.  Has been given a reasonable opportunity to retain counsel; or

b.  Waives or has waived the opportunity to retain private counsel.

C.  Waiver of the Right to Counsel

i.  A defendant may voluntarily and intelligently waive the right to counsel.

ii.  A waiver obtained in violation of section IV.B above is presumed invalid.

iii. If a defendant wishes to waive the right to counsel for purposes of entering a guilty plea or proceeding to trial, the court shall advise the defendant of the nature of the charges against the defendant and, if the defendant is proceeding to trial, the dangers and disadvantages of self-representation.  If the court determines that the waiver is voluntarily and intelligently waived, the court shall provide the defendant with a statement substantially in the following form, which, if signed by the defendant, shall be filed with and become part of the record of the proceedings.

"I have been advised this ____ day of _________, 20___ by the (name of court) Court of my right to representation by counsel in the case pending against me.  I have been further advised that if I am unable to afford counsel, one will be appointed for me free of charge.  Understanding my right to have counsel appointed for me free of charge if I am not financially able to employ counsel, I wish to waive that right and request the court to proceed with my case without an attorney being appointed for me.  I hereby waiver my right to counsel. 

(signature of defendant)"

iv.  A defendant may withdraw a waiver of the right to counsel at any time but is not entitled to repeat a proceeding previously held or waived solely on the grounds of the subsequent appointment or retention of counsel.  If the defendant withdraws a waiver, the trial court, in its discretion, may provide the appointed counsel 10 days to prepare.



Attorney Selection Process


A.  The appointing authority will identify which of the appointment lists, discussed in the Section III (attorney qualifications), is most appropriate based on the accusations against the defendant and will appoint the attorney whose name is first on the list, unless the court makes a finding of good cause on the record for appointing an attorney out of order.  Good cause may include:

i.  The defendant requesting counsel does not understand English, in which case the judge will appoint the lawyer whose name appears next in order and speaks the clients' language, if one is available;

ii.  The defendant has an attorney already appointed on a prior pending or concluded matter.  The same attorney will be appointed to the new matter, unless the attorney is not on the list for the type of offense involved in the current case; or

iii. Other good cause exists for varying from the list.

   B.  Once appointed, an attorney's name will be moved to the bottom of the appointment list.  An attorney who is not appointed in the order in which the attorney's name appears on the list shall remain next in order on the list.

   C.  Judicial Removal from Case:

i.  The judge presiding over a criminal case may remove appointed counsel upon entering a written order showing good cause for such removal, including without limitation, the following:

1.  Counsel's failure to appear at a court hearing;

2.  Counsel's failure to comply with the requirements imposed upon counsel by this plan;

3.  Current information about the defendant and the charges against the defendant indicate that another qualified attorney is more appropriate for the defendant under these rules;

4.  The appointed counsel shows good cause for being removed, such as illness, workload or scheduling difficulties;

5.  The defendant requests an attorney, other than trial counsel, for appeal; or

6.  The defendant shows good cause for removal of counsel, including counsel's persistent or prolonged failure to communicate with the defendant.

ii.  Appointment of Replacement Counsel - Whenever appointed counsel is removed under this section, replacement counsel shall immediately be selected and appointed in accordance with the procedures described in this plan.



Fee and Expense Payment Process


A.  Court appointed counsel shall be compensated for all reasonable and appropriate services rendered in representing the accused.  Compensation shall be reasonable for time and effort expended and will be in accordance with a fee schedule adopted and approved by the County Court at Law Judge.

B.  Payment Process:  No payment of attorney's fees will be made other than in accordance with the rules set forth below.

i.  An appointed attorney shall fill out and submit a fee voucher to the court for services rendered not later than 60 days after the service is rendered.

ii. The trial judge presiding over the proceedings shall review the request for compensation and either approve or disapprove of the amount requested.

1.  If a judge disapproves a request for compensation, the judge shall make written findings, stating the amount of payment that the judge approves and each reason for approving an amount different from the requested amount.

2.  An attorney who's request for payment is disapproved or is not otherwise acted on by the 60th day after the date the request for payment is submitted may appeal the disapproval or failure to act by filing a motion with the presiding judge of this administrative judicial region.

C.  Payment of Expenses:

i.  Court appointed counsel will be reimbursed for reasonable and necessary expenses incurred, including expenses for investigation and for mental health and other experts if submitted for payment within 60 days after the expense is incurred.  Expenses incurred with and without prior approval shall be paid according to the procedures set forth below.  Whenever possible prior court approval should be obtained before expenses are incurred.

ii.  Procedure With Prior Court Approval:

1.  Appointed Counsel may file with the trial court a pretrial ex parte confidential request for advanced payment of investigative and expert expenses.  The request for expenses must state the below, as applicable:

a.  The type of investigation to be conducted or the type of expert to be retained;

b.  Specific facts that suggest the investigation will result in admissible evidence or that the services of an expert are reasonably necessary to assist in the preparation of a potential defense; and

c.  An itemized list of anticipated expenses for each investigation and/or each expert.

2.  The court shall grant the request for advance payment of expenses in whole or in part if the request is reasonable.  If the court denies in whole or in part the request for expenses, the court shall:

a.  State the reasons for the denial in writing;

b.  Attach the denial to the confidential request; and

c.  Submit the request and denial as a sealed exhibit to the record.

iii.  Procedure Without Prior Court Approval:  Appointed counsel may incur reasonable and necessary investigative or expert expenses without prior approval of the court.  On presentation of a claim for reimbursement, the court shall order reimbursement of counsel for reasonable and necessary expenses.  Unreasonable or unnecessary expenses will not be approved.  Appointed counsel is encouraged to obtain prior court approval when they anticipate expending investigative or expert expenses that could exceed $500.






On or before January 10th of each calendar year, County Court at Law Judge shall review and reform the list of attorneys eligible as court appointed counsel and cause same to be posted outside the County Clerk's office and made available to the public upon request.

To be considered for inclusion on the List of Attorneys Eligible for Appointment of Person Accused of Misdemeanor Offenses, an attorney must meet the CLE requirements specified in the Plan and provide written verification of the required CLE to the County Court at Law by December 27th of each calendar year.


1.  Compensation for time spent by counsel for out of court or in court, found to be reasonable and necessary, shall be not less than $40 per hour nor more than $100 per hour. 

2.  Compensation for time spent in preparation and appeal of a cause to any higher court, found to be reasonable and necessary by the Court, shall be not less than $40 per hour nor more than $100per hour.  





Plan Documents
Aransas County Court Affidavit of Indigence.pdf (10/29/2019 4:37:23 PM) view
Aransas County Court Attorney Application for Appointment.pdf (10/31/2019 4:05:21 PM) view
Aransas County Court Attorney Fee Schedule.pdf (10/31/2019 4:06:15 PM) view
Aransas County Court Attorney Fee Voucher.pdf (10/31/2019 4:05:36 PM) view
Aransas County Court Magistrate’s Warning Form.pdf (1/25/2016 2:12:07 PM) view
Aransas County Court Texas Lawyer's Creed.pdf (1/25/2016 2:25:09 PM) view